The systems of a building. These are the systems that go into the structural shell of the building for occupancy. Some or all of these systems can be used instead of the conventional methods to provide utilities to buildings. This can make the build more sustainable, secure and healthy than only using conventional utilities.


From the sky (rain & snow melt). Use each drop four times. Fresh, Potable, Drinking Water.

catchwater cistern earthship



From the sun and the wind stored in batteries and supplied to your electrical outlets via a prepackaged power system.

Solar Power Diagram




Liquid Waste Water Treatment

The liquid waste water treatment system is a containment, treatment and distribution system for liquid waste water. This system is similar to the wetlands concept which has long been used in exterior applications for thousands of years by humans and nature. This system differs from the wetlands approach in that it treats and processes the untreated greywater inside the building and the liquid waste water from the toilet outside of the building.

The botanical cells (planters) are lined with EPDM and 6ml plastic, filled with large rocks, smaller rocks, dirt, topsoil and are sloped with a deeper well at one end. The well fills with  greywater that did not get used up by the plants. The greywater in the well has been treated by all the roots, good bacteria, oxygenation, etc. that occurs. This treated greywater goes through a peat moss filter and is pumped through a charcoal drinking water filter, then sent to the toilet for flushing.

The botanical cells are plumbed with overflow lines to the conventional septic line out.

The design and layout of the plumbing system is completely normal and conventional. The system outlined meets all International Building Codes. The system is set up (via valving) creating loops. These loops have the botanical treatment cells within them. These loops can be completely by-passed via valving. This does not replace place conventional plumbing, the system outlined is in addition to convention plumbing.


untreated greywater – all water directly after the sinks, tubs, showers, etc. and before the interior botanical cell (greywater planter). Untreated greywater should not be used to flush toilets with, top water or at any point come into contact with humans.

treated greywater – all water at the end of the interior botanical treatment cell (greywater planter). This treated greywater is clear and does not smell. This greywater has been treated. This greywater is only then used to flush the toilet(s).

interior botanical treatment cell – this is a planter. Usually the interior botanical treatment cell is inside the building and is simply called the greywater planter. The greywater planter can be outside the building in certain climates where freezing is not an issue.

exterior botanical treatment cell – this is a planter. The exterior botanical treatment cell is always located outside of the building regardless of climate. This treatment cell is commonly called a blackwater planter. In climates that freeze, the treatment cell is still working to process and treat the liquid waste under the ground level. The anaerobic process is still happening well above minimum limits. At this point the treatment cell is performing more like a conventional septic tank.

Comfort: Heating & Cooling the Building

From only the sun and the earth. Maintain comfortable temperatures all year with no fossil fuels.

heating and cooling sustainable buildings

heating and cooling sustainable buildings